IAHR World Congress 2019
Water Connecting the World

About Panama

September 1-6, 2019
More than just a Canal

About Panama City (PTY)

A strategic point to air connections between the Americas, with a skyline filled with modern buildings, Panama City is well known for its business structure, cosmopolitan culture and biodiversity. The Panama Canal, only fifteen minutes from downtown Panama City, is one of the most important engineering works of the 20th and 21th century.

Panama is a country of diversity and contrasts; a country of multiple atmospheres, diverse in the historical, geographical and cultural aspects, and inhabited by a colorful mixture of ethnicities and customs. Because of this unique combination of people and unusual places, Panama City is a magical and fascinating destination. The Congress will provide every participant with a life-time memorable experience.

The Congress is organized by the City of Knowledge Foundation (host), Panama Canal Authority (ACP), Technological University of Panama (UTP), Santa Maria la Antigua University (USMA), Universidad Latina de Panamá (ULATINA), Water Center for the Humid Tropics of Latin America and The Caribbean (CATHALAC) and National Secretariat of Science, Technology and Innovation (SENACYT).

We look forward to welcoming you in Panama City in September 2019

Click here to find out more:



Images of Panama

Panama is world-famous for its 48-mile canal that connects the Pacific Ocean with the Atlantic Ocean. Each year, over a million people visit the canal and are able to witness this engineering marvel at work. Panama is very proud to have this magnificent creation operating 365 days a year, enabling the world’s cargo to be shipped efficiently and safely to new destinations.

Official name: Republic of Panama.

Capital: Panama City.

Citizenship or Nationality: Panamanian.


  • The official language in Panama is Spanish
  • The second most spoken language is English. It is very common to find many English spoken Panamanian
  • Hotel staff are all English spoken.

Surface: 75,517 Km2.

Population: 4,101,521 (2,066,158 male – 50.4% and 2,035,363 female 49.6%).

Density: 54 inhabitants per Km2 / 81 per square mile.

The Panama Republic is located in the Center of the Western Hemisphere, between the coordinates: 7º12’07″ y 9º38’46″ North Latitude and 77º09’24″ y 83º03’07″ de West Longitude.

Borders with:

  • North: The Caribbean Sea
  • East: Republic of Colombia
  • South: Pacific Ocean and
  • West: Republic of Costa Rica.

Panama is a link between Central and South America representing an 80 Kms wide isthmus in its shortest portion of territory.

Political division:

  • 10 Provinces (equivalent to states in other countries).
  • 5 Counties

Government: Constitutional Democracy and Centralized Republic.

Legal System:

  • Civil law based.
  • Judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court of Justice.
  • Admits international courts jurisdictions under certain exceptions.
  • Literacy rate: 90%

Religion: There is absolut freedom for any cult practice in Panama. Most of Panamanian are Roman Catholics. However, due to the great diversity in the country, there are many religious churches, temples and synagogues.

Time matters:

  • Official time zone: (GMT -5).
  • Since Panama is very close to the equator level, there are very even lasting day and nights, having dawns around 6:00 a.m. and sunsets at 6:00 p.m.


  • Official (symbolic): Balboa (B/.).
  • Legal course: United States of America Dollar (US$).
  • One (1) Balboa (B/.) = One (1) Dollar (US$).
  • All paper bills are American dollars but in metal coins you can find both American currency and the equivalent in Panamanian coins (1, 5, 10, 25 and 50 cents and one dollar).


  • Off Mall stores usually open from 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.
  • Mall stores go with mall schedule. Could be from 9:00 or 10:00 a.m. to 8:00 or 9:00 p.m.
  • Most stores open on Saturdays and some are opened on Sundays.
  • A lot of supermarket chains open 24 hours.

Driver’s license:

  • Visitors can use their country of origin driver’s license up to 90 days in Panama.
  • It must be in good conditions and not expired.
  • You can drive the same type of vehicle you are authorized to in your country of origin.


  • Most of appliances work on electricity (110 Volts, 60 Cycles).
  • Some work on natural gas.
  • All gas stations have gasoline and diesel available.

How to get to Panama:

  • There are 2 airports in Panama City:
    • Tocumen International Airport (PTY). Main and most important airport for international flights.
    • Marcos Gelabert International Airport (PAC). For domestic and short international regional flights.
  • Official Country’s Airline: COPA Airlines.
  • Since Panama is a Hub, there are many airlines that fly from and into Panama from all around the world.